4 Types of Stage Lighting

Whether it is a professional or amateur production, lighting is an essential part of the set-up and based on creative inspiration and logical decisions. The stage lights are part of many different categories, such as those related to beam quality, shape, and size. Here are four of the most popular types of stage lights:

Flood lights

The quality, shape, and size of the beam emitted from flood lights are rigid with no option to make adjustments. It is a popular choice for illuminating skies or backgrounds, but not so desirable for highlighting the actors. Flood lights can operate as a single light or combined with three or four other lights to provide a color mix. Most come with a reflector to make it easier to provide an even wash across a large space.

Soft spots

Soft spots are easier to control with the ability to adjust the beam shape and size. The quality of the light emitted is soft and even edged, and has minimal light spillage outside the intended area. This type of light is more practical for the short throws, and is generally unsuitable for long throws.

Profile spots

The use of profile spots is suggested in the areas of stage lighting that needs precise control. Profile spots can be combined with shutters (hard edge) and iris diaphragm (round edge) to help create the desired shape and size. Also, purpose-made masks can be applied to help build the more unique shapes. Plus, the quality of the edge is adjustable by making changes to the lens setting.

Profile spots can vary from the standard beams to variable beams. A variable beam profile is helpful for those productions that intend to use a lot of edge qualities and beam angles. Also, the ability to make adjustments is more efficient and faster when using the variable spots.

Other options include the profile spots with a cool beam feature which has the ability to increase the output of light and lower power use.

Beam lights

Most of the stage lights are designed to emit a conical beam which means the light spreads wider the further it travels. But this light remains consistent with a beam that remains parallel no matter the distance it is thrown. Plus, this light emitted from this type of light is a lot brighter than a spotlight of comparable strength. Beam lights are great for throwing deep colors because the light creates a deep haze in the air.

5 Tips for If You Get Nervous When Doing Pro Magic Tricks

Pro Magic Tricks are very amazing to watch and perform for audiences. Every magician and performer can get nervous. This is a very uncomfortable thing. There are many solutions to it. This article will teach you the solutions.

Nervous means easily agitated or alarmed; tending to be anxious; highly strung.

“a sensitive, nervous person”

The opposite of nervous is relaxed:

defined as: To make or become less tense or anxious.

TIP #1 – Cover your Mistakes

“A good Magician is also judged by how well he can deal with mistakes”: – Robert Houdin, Dai Vernon, etc.

A good way to cover the mistake or problem of the spectator says the wrong card is to carry an invisible deck on you,

Also you can say I don’t have a 5 of hearts in here as you quickly Hofzinser/Marlo Prayer cull the card and do The Allan Ackerman sideways prayer cull to full bottom palm and then produce the card from your pocket or wallet!

TIP #2

Famous quotation from Bruce Lee: “No matter what you want to do, don’t be nervous (you should not let your muscles nor your mind be effected by nerves).

Just keep calm. No illusion and no imagination, but to apprehend the actual situation you are in and find a way to deal with it. No excessive action is needed. Just keep your body and mind relaxed to deal with the outside emergency.”

TIP #3 – Meditation

Famous Pro Magician Doug Henning used to meditate before every magic show.

Meditation is very relaxing for your mind and body!

TIP #4 – Practice and Rehearse more!

Work on just the script separately &

Work on just the actions separately

then put it all together and video tape rehearse the routine, then review the video to look for ways to improve!

TIP #5 – Showmanship

*Perform for the audience, Not at them!

*Don’t look down at your hands too much!

*Work the audience with eye contact and interact with them from the left to the right!

*SLOW DOWN! DON’T RUSH THE PERFORMANCE,

LET THE AUDIENCE ENJOY THE MAGIC MOMENTS!

USE OF PAUSES IN SPEECH & ACTIONS

MAKE EYE CONTACT & SMILE

Some good books to read on Magic showmanship:

Maximum Entertainment by Ken Weber
Magic & Showmanship by Henning Nelms
Fitzkee Trilogy

Remember: Perform every chance that you get but practice, practice, practice First before you Perform! The more you perform the less nervous you will be.

The harder you work on your Magic the easier it gets to perform Pro Magic Tricks.

5 Skills Every Professional Wedding Photographer Needs

As the entry-level DSL cameras have become more affordable, many people have turned into hobbyist photographers. The popularity of social media apps has also played a key role in fueling people interests in photography. The need for professional wedding photographer is on the rise today, which makes wedding photography a lucrative career opportunity for many.

However, there’s a difference between amateur photography and professional wedding photography. If you want to start a career in a wedding photography, here are a couple of skills you should start developing right now.

Know Your Tools

Professional wedding photography is a responsible job because people trust you with their special events and memorable occasions. You should be someone with an eye for detail and a creative bent of mind. You should know your camera inside out and how it works in a variety of lighting settings. In short, here are a couple of questions you should answer before entering professional wedding photography business.

  • Do you know how aperture, shutter speed and ISO work together?
  • Do you know how to handle your camera settings in low-light conditions?
  • Can you adjust your photography under bright sun?
  • Can you take great pictures when the subject is moving fast?

While learning photography is a life-long process, you should acquire advanced photography skills before getting into this business full-time.

Get a License

It’s one thing to pursue photography for fun and quite another to make a living out of it. Indeed, you need to spend quite bit on building your business before people start taking you seriously. Starting from high quality cameras and lenses, to license registration to insurance, you need to get ready to spend on building your business for a full-time operation.

If you want to be a professional photographer, you should do the following things:

  • Apply for a Business License
  • Get into Contracts with Client (Hire a Lawyer)
  • Open a Business Account
  • Purchase Gear Insurance
  • Register Your Business (Sole Proprietorship or LLC)
  • File for EIN

Are you ready for such an investment into your business? Think about it.

Build a Website

In today’s competitive and crowded wedding photography business, getting noticed is the key to more business opportunities. As technology has become mainstream, your prospective clients are searching for you online. By having a business website, you can reach your potential clients, show off your work and share your portfolios with them.

Start Networking

Being self-employed can be lonely at times. In professional wedding photography, you need to be good at networking with people in order to get recommendations from others. Therefore, it makes a lot of sense to join one of the popular photographers’ groups online. Apart from learning more from other photographers, you can stay on the top of their mind during peak wedding seasons.

Negotiation Skills

Professional wedding photography can be financially rewarding once you become popular in your region. However, when you start off your career, you will need to develop great negotiation skills to convince your clients why they should buy a certain package and why it’s worth the investment.

Sometimes, people hesitate hiring a rather inexperienced photographer for their weeding. By working on your negotiation skills, you can ask for the right remuneration for your work and scale your business without hurting your bottom line.

Take Away

Indeed, professional wedding photography is a lucrative career option for many. However, it requires in-depth knowledge of photography, camera, lenses, lighting conditions and, above all, a lot of practice. If you want to be a full-time wedding photographer, keep the above tips in mind and stat working on your skills today.

Tips To Help You Cut Wedding Photography Costs

Wedding photos can never be scraped out of your wedding budget. These are the treasures that will always help you relive your big day and you therefore want to have every important moment of the day captured. Wedding photographers do an incredible job with or without your guidelines through the process. However, just like any other part of the wedding, it helps when you play an active role in the wedding photography. This way, you can cut costs on the important photography services without affecting the quality of your wedding photos.

Tip 1 – Know the costs

There is no way you will be able to work on a money saving strategy if you are not even sure what the average cost of the services should be. Conducting a simple research on wedding photography services and comparing quotes can help you know the expected amount for the day. Remember the props, skill set and equipment is what will make the costs vary from one service provider to another. But at least when you know the average, you will be able to choose the best and negotiate to save you some money.

Tip 2 – Think local talent

Hiring a local photographer saves you money in the sense that you will not have to pay high amounts to arrange transportation to the venue. Even when doing a destination wedding, it is most advisable that you search for local photographers as compared to bringing one along from your home area. However, even with this approach you should make sure that you go through all elements to ensure that the photographer is qualified and bound to fetch you the kind of results that you expect.

Tip 3 – Hire the professional for less the time

This is a simple way of dramatically reducing photography costs. You can have the photographer come in only in those most important parts of the ceremony and have your groomsmen and bridesmaids take photos of the rest of the ceremony. This is especially so for service providers who charge on an hourly basis. When they have fewer photos to take and process, the charges on overall hours will definitely be much lower. With digital cameras now being easy to use and still produce high quality photos; you can still generate other wedding photos from other sources too.

Tip 4 – Make your bookings early

The fact is that there are wedding photographers that offer discounts for early bookings. Secure one as early as possible to enjoy such offers. Booking early also comes with the advantage of negotiating your way to better charges before the price hikes take place, maybe as a result of the season and inflation. If possible, make the affordable payment in full to avoid the effects of price changes.

Tip 5 – Keep the album simple

Wedding day photos are very important, but you do not necessarily have to go for very expensive album options. Apart from having only the most important photos albumed, choose an album style that is high quality but affordable at the same time. Choose affordable materials and keep fancy details minimal.

Digital Printing: All You Need to Know

Introduction

With time, printing has evolved to better meets the needs of different businesses today. The latest form is the digital printing that involves the usage of ink-jet and laser printing methods. The image gets directly transferred to the printer that utilizes digital files like PDF’s, InDesign and Illustrator respectively. Such printing is quick and does not require a printing plate at all.

Types

– Variable Data Printing: This is the most personalized and customized form of printing. The databases comprising of particular consumer information results in an individual piece of the same mail design that is personalized for each recipient. For instance, if a business receives direct mail with the name or the address that is personalized in the text, it is helped with the variable data printing techniques.

This is the most preferred because the personalized mail is less general and includes the customer’s ordering history and preferences.

– Web-to-Printing: This type enables the direct mail pieces to be personalized and customized online onto a print management platform. The customers and clients have got the choice to select several images like the photographs that get included in brochures or catalogs. A proof of print gets displayed online, and when the piece is ready, only one click makes the print get delivered to the print supplier.

The print supplier normally has the required quantity of the digital print that gets mailed to the respective client in one or two days.

– On-Demand Printing: This makes use of small pieces as a small amount of printing needs to be done. It is ideal for those firms that need to update their printed pieces constantly. A digital color printer is mostly used, unless the client wants a high-quality print. But if time and quality are the concerned, then a waterless D I press is utilized as the drying time is quick respectively.

Applications

– Architectural Design: The digitally printed floor graphics and wall murals have transformed the interior and exterior spaces.

– Advertising: In trade shows, the digital prints are widely used event signage and outdoor banner advertising.

Benefits of using digital form of printing

– The ink that is used in printing does not get absorbed into the substrate. But a thin layer of the ink is formed on the finished printed material.

– This type of printing is perfect for obtaining faster prints and for rapid prototyping.

– The printing impressions that become visible on paper can be tailored from one batch to another batch. But even if one image gets digitally used, the impression will all be equal and uniform.

– There is less wastage of paper and materials.

– It eliminates the occurrence of distorted photos and results in a quality and clear print.

– It is ideal for creating personalized children’s books that consist of the individual images and the child’s name.

Thus, we can say that digital printing is significant and important for small or large businesses these days. Since it is cost-effective and efficient, the wastage is less and best results are obtained in no time.

4 Advantages of Canvas Prints

If you don’t know about canvas prints, then you are in for a visual treat. These are beautiful images on canvas. You can exhibit these in your living room, drawing room or bedroom. With an intention to reproduce the original oil painting or acrylic painting these look breathtaking. Photographs can be easily transferred onto the canvas using a specialized press. While you can do this as a DIY project, it is better to hand over this project to a professional for the best outcome.

Great option

Canvas is great option for an enhanced interior d├ęcor appearance, especially if you are on a budget and want a great look. It is a superior option to traditional frames and modern photo mounting in large frames. The canvas prints cost almost 50% less and, if you are on the email list of any of these companies, you can be certain of getting one or another discount coupon thereby getting an additional deal. The fact that these are less prone to damage and are less labour intensive makes them all the more popular and price competitive.

Advantages of canvas prints

These look beautiful and resemble an artistic painting. These have many advantages compared to traditional printing. Some of these advantages are:

1. Very durable: This is perhaps the most important advantage. Canvas is sturdy and lasts for generations without the print quality diminishing. Remember that the paintings in art galleries and museums have been around for hundreds of years and still look great.

2. Three dimensional painting: Traditional photos look flat in a frame, but with new technology canvas prints impart a three dimensional look. This is interesting, as both an amateur photographer and a professional photographer can take advantage of this and get beautiful prints from their ordinary photos. If you want to further enhance their look, you can complement them with an appropriate frame.

3. There is an artistic feel to the photo: This technique gives an artistic feeling to the photos. Many offices use this as a form of advertisement for their brands or services. An impressive print can make them look more marketable.

4. They are easy to frame: Traditional photos need to be framed with a lot of care. In contrast, canvases offer an easy way of framing photos; only an additional border is required around the image and then it can be framed as desired.

The list of advantages is endless. It is wonderful to see that millions of people have embraced this technique. This method of printing photos allows photographers to showcase their fine work. The fact that you get to see the same quality as you would get to see in any oil painting makes it an impressive option. Overall, these prints give a timeless feeling.

5 Things to Keep in Mind When Moving From Graphic Design to Web Design

Who is a graphic designer?

Graphic designers combine text and images to create designs and layouts. It is their responsibility to create interesting designs which attract the viewers’ attention and effectively communicate the message. The message may be meant for both offline as well as online audiences. To put it in brief, graphic designers deal with how objects look. It is all about making static designs as visually appealing as possible. There are many branches of graphic design and many designers specialise in creating one category of work – such as Film poster designer Raj Khatri – while others prefer to do a little bit of everything.

Who is a web designer?

Web designers are broadly divided into UI and UX designers. User Interface designers are responsible for the way the layout of an application or a website i.e. the interface looks to the audience. While user experience designers are more concerned with what happens when one interacts with the interface. Together, they both work towards how the product feels. Their goal is to maximize product simplicity. They refine and iterate to create the best possible experience for the users.

As you can see, graphic designers are different from UI/UX designers in terms of both their process as well as the final result. There’s no doubt that currently UI/UX designers are in the greatest demand in India. They bridge the gap between how things look and how they work; and are at the forefront of creating fantastic products for people in the technological age. On the other hand, the graphic designer market has fallen a bit stagnant and the job market is shrinking for them compared to more technologically relevant designers.

Lots of graphic designers are in fact, making the switch over to becoming web designers. Are you too looking forward to making the switch? Here are five tips to keep in mind when moving from Graphic Design to Web Design;

1. Don’t be the Expert

The best web designers are the ones that don’t have all the answers. Huh, what? The key is to understand that all clients are different and one solution will not work for them all. You need to understand what designs they need, exactly and create it for them. Often, giving them an answer won’t be enough. You will have to research and give the clients reasons why your answer is right. Be prepared to get stumped every day and having to work hard for every single change that you make, because you’ll need to be accommodating of the clients’ needs in your designs.

Good web designers always start with the basic, always plan ahead while working and create rough wireframes for your designs. Rough is the key word here, as many designers often put too much effort in making their wireframes look pretty and lose focus on their purpose. This is a very important point for graphic designers as aesthetics take a backseat when it comes to creating wireframes. This doesn’t mean that you need to throw away your creativity but you need to learn to focus it and use it in the right places.

2. It’s a Science as much as an Art

Being a web designer, you must embrace product thinking. Being a web designer means understanding that designs overlap with product management, as no one can design an intuitive user interface for a product that they don’t have a clue about.

User research and testing is a big part of web design. Your intuition as well as all kinds of biases should never get in the way of the design process. This means that you’ll have to conduct interviews, studies, inquiries and testing to validate your design and ensure it’s intuitive to your users.

It’s a scientific approach, and you should understand that in web design the definition of beautiful is what makes users feel good while navigating through your interfaces and not what is just easy on the eyes. To achieve that you should not only be good at the art, you need to understand the science behind it all as well.

3. Design for Information

One of the most important aspects of good web design doesn’t deal so much with pixels, colours or typography, as does with the content that is inside your designs. People use websites and apps not for their beautiful designs, but because they want easy access to the content. While making the switch from graphic design to web design, one must keep this aspect in mind and make sure one’s designs are as simplistic as possible. It is very important to make it as easy as possible for the users to find the content that they need. The entire interface must be logical in its arrangement and easy to access for the end user.

4. Follow guidelines, don’t invent your own

“Wait, you want me to follow convention!” Although this sounds like cyanide to graphic designers, it makes perfect sense when it comes to web design. Like programming, UI/UX design has guidelines, such as Google’s Material Design for Android or Apple’s iOS Human Interface Guidelines. And following those is critical to ensure your design doesn’t cause any confusion in the mind of the users.

If you break completely from already established patterns, you might experience a steeper learning curve for new users. Many of them will not bother to figure out your design patterns and will move to another website or application which fits into what they already know.

However, this doesn’t mean that you have no space for customisation and offbeat design solutions. You do to some extent, but unless you work at Apple or Google, it’s not recommended to reinvent entire design patterns that your users have already got used to. It’s not creativity but usability that is important in this field.

5. Play Around

While it is but obvious that you will need to research and read up as much as possible on the world of web design, one thing often missed out on is that as a web designer, you should just visit as many websites as possible. Many graphic designers feel that using a reference throws off their intrinsic creativity and so they avoid using references for what they create.

Note down what you like about them and what you don’t. What makes them different from their competitors? What makes accessing content easier for you? Do you like that additional menu bar? How many clicks or actions does it take to reach from one section of the website to another? All of this will help you out a lot when you are designing your own websites as you can then learn from what others have done and avoid the mistakes that they’ve made.

Conclusion

If you are thinking of switching to web design, keep in mind that there will be radical shifts in your work process and mindset. The hardest part in this transition might be changing your perception of design and its goal.

So before sketching your first interface, try to get into the shoes of the user to understand what they are looking for in the product and what are their goals. Then think of design as a way to help them accomplish those.

Pattern Making As an Art Decorative Technique

A pattern is an organised arrangement of the elements of design such as dots, lines, shapes, textures, colours etc. on a surface using any appropriate technique for decoration. Pattern making is an experimental process since the resultant designs cannot be predicted by the artist.

Patterns can be used as designs for paper bags, clothes, greeting cards, fringes, garlands or tassels, and pop-up. There are several techniques in pattern making. Examples of pattern making techniques are Sponging, Veining, Blowing, Spraying, Spattering, Stippling, String Pulling, Wax-resist/crayon batik, Marbling, Scribbling, Rubbing-in, Rubbing-out etc.

Sponging

This technique of pattern making involves the use of sponge as the principal tool for the creation of the patterns. The sponge can be laid or spread on the material (such as paper or cloth). The paint or ink is then dabbed with foam at the open areas of the sponge. The paint or ink can also be sprayed onto material after laying the sponge. The nett patterns or diamond shaped patterns of the sponge would appear on the material. Another technique is immersing the sponge in the paint or ink and rolling it on the material or paper to create the patterns.

Spattering

This form of pattern making involves the application of paint in a liquid form by splashing the paint on the surface of the material to create interesting patterns. Sometimes, the tips of brushes are loaded with colour or ink and the thumb is used in splashing the colour onto the material such as paper. The splashing of the coloured pigment or paint can be done with a piece of foam or brush loaded with paint.

Spraying

This is the application of paint or colour spilt through the tiny holes of a spray diffuser or atomiser. The spray can or container is filled with different coloured pigments or ink and is sprayed one at a time onto the material in several ways to create interesting designs. Surfaces of
Papers for writing calligraphy and other forms of wall hangings are decorated with spray patterns in varieties of colours.

Stippling

This is the use of a drawing tool or implement in creating series of dots in an organised pattern on a material. Marking tools such as pencils, crayons, markers and pens can be used in creating interesting patterns of dots on paper and cards. This form of pattern making can be used to decorate the background of cards to be used for greeting cards, certificates and other forms of wall hangings. Pointed metallic tools such as gouges, chisels and texturing nails can be used in creating decorative textures in the form of dots on backgrounds of wood, clay and leather.

String Pulling

This is the technique of creating patterns on a material by the use of strings. These strings are immersed in a colour pigment or ink. The coloured string is then pulled for the colours to spill on the material to create decorative patterns on the paper.

Scribbling

This method of creating patterns involves the creation of random abstract lines with a marking tool, generally without ever lifting the drawing device off of the paper. The scribbles which are often created with different coloured marking tools result in eye-catching and attractive patterns on papers. These can be used in producing designs on paper bags, garlands, greeting cards etc.

Paper marbling

This is a method of aqueous (water) surface design used in producing patterns. The patterns are the result of colour usually, oil paint poured to float on either the surface of plain water or a viscous solution known as size, and then carefully transferred to an absorbent surface, such as paper or fabric. It is often employed as a writing surface for calligraphy, and especially book covers and endpapers in bookbinding and stationery. It can also be used as designs on papers to be used in producing paper bags.

Wax Resist/ Crayon Batik

This form of pattern making involves the use of wax in resisting parts of a paper or fabric and either applying colour or ink on the entire surface of the material. After the paint or ink is dried on the surface of the material, the wax is scratched off or removed to create interesting patterns. Another technique is applying the waxed design on the surface of the material and immersing it in a paint, dye or ink solution. The wax is freed off the material after the paint or dye is dried to create the patterns. Coloured crayons can be used for creating attractive patterns on materials before paint, dye or ink is applied.